Australian White Wines

by admin on June 20, 2011

Australian White Wine

Australian white wines carry distinctive flavours, aromas and taste sensations resulting from a combination of factors such as grape variety, blends and regions where the fruits are grown.

Colour and aroma can be indicators of taste. Generally, a deeper colour indicates a wine’s richer taste. Australian white wines can appear golden yellow which is almost orange to a pale lemon yellow. Various regions all over Australia produce white wine varieties such as:

Chardonnay
Riesling
Sauvignon blanc
Semillon
Verdelho
Viognier

Chardonnay

Australia’s most versatile white wine grape thrives in both warm and cool climates and is the largest grown variety all over Australia, with over 30,000 hectares of land devoted to it. This classic grape variety first arrived in Australia in the late 1920’s although it became popular only in the 1980’s.

In the warmer regions such as Murray Darling, Riverland and Riverina, Chardonnay is characterized by hints of vanilla and oak and fruity flavours of melon, grapefruit or ripe peach fruit. Wine produced in the cooler regions of Tasmania, Adelaide Hills and Mornington Peninsula has citrus, grapefruit and lime flavours.

Riesling

This white wine variety grows well in Western Australia’s Great Southern region, Tasmania, Barossa Valley, and South Australia’s Eden Valleys. It is characterized by crisp fruit flavour and good acid balance.

Sauvignon Blanc

This grape thrives in cooler regions of Australia such as Yarra Valley, Adelaide Hills, Margaret River, Orange in New South Wales and Tasmania where it is characterized by a “grassy” and gooseberry flavour. Vineyards in the warmer regions produce a more passion fruit flavour with a touch of acidity. Margaret River has a blended version which combines Sauvignon Blanc and Semillon.

Semillon

This white wine variety displays distinctive characteristics when produced in different regions in Australia. In Barossa Valley, Semillon appears as a deep yellow wine with aromas of peaches and mangoes. Hunter Valley produces a pale colour variety that develops a honeyed, nutty flavour.

Verdelho

Grown in Western Australia, the Hunter Valley and South Australia, this varietal white wine is characterized by its intense flavours with a hint of lime and honeysuckle.

Viognier

This grape variety is a challenge to grow and is currently produced in Victoria’s Morning Peninsula and the Eden Valley and McLaren Vale of South Australia. It has a low acidity and characterized by floral and fruit aromas.

Other Australian white wines that are popular worldwide include Muscat, Chenin Blanc, Colombard, and Marsanne.

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